Based on National Socioeconomic Survey (NSES, 1995, 2001, 2004) and National He a lth Survey (NHS 2007, 2010), s moking prevalence of male at age 15+ years have been in creased from 53.4% (1995), to 65.9% (2010). The smoking prevalence in female remains at low category, but its smoking prevalence increases from 1. 7% in 1995 to 4. 2% in 2010) (Ahsan, A, et al ).
The increase of smoking prevalence will also result in a greater economic impact to cure tobacco related diseases. The impacts are not only on the direct costs due to nursing or treatment costs , but also on the indirect costs including opportunity lost cost due to the premature death. The high smoking prevalence and the huge of Indonesian population position Indonesia the third biggest male smokers after China and India. The cigarette consumption in Indonesia during the year of 2008 according to Tobacco Altas
(2009), the number of male smokers in Indonesia was more than 53 million males. In 2012, it is estimated to be about 70 million people smoke regularly in Indonesia. While the number of female smokers in Indonesia rank on the 17th biggest in the world reaching almost 4 million persons. Thereby Indonesian position is in the 5th rank following China, USA, Rusia, and Japan consuming more than 23o billion sticks of cigarettes in 2007. According to the Ministry of Finance in Indonesia the cigarette production was promoted to increase from 216. 8 billion sticks in 2006) to 249.1 billion sticks in 2010 .
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